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86 Eminent Physicists
Presented here is an archive of data on 86 twentieth century women who have made original and important contributions to physics. The citations describe and document their major contributions and provide biographical information pertaining to the scientific lives of the women.
The archive is limited to citations of 20th century women whose contributions to physics were published before 1976. A cutoff was necessary owing to limited R&D resources. The number of women publishing original and important contributions to physic since then is rapidly increasing, and is much larger than it was in earlier times.
There are women who are not cited whose contributions before 1976 qualify them to be included. It has not been possible, with the resources available to us, to reach completion in this sense. As in the history of most areas of human endeavor, in physics women are disappeared people. Were this research project to continue, there would be more women, known and unknown to us, for whom there would be citations posted here.
Only fully researched citations are presented. The CWP database contains the names of many more women than have citations posted in this website. Unfortunately resources were not available to process citations for all the women originally cited. (Click here for all names in database listed by field. ) Each posted citation is an edited form of an original citation which has been verified, documented, and augmented with further scientific and biographical information based on research of students and colleagues .
The citations in this website have been edited for accuracy and reliability by
who are, or
have been, active in fields of physics to which the contributions have been
Cite this archive as:
"CONTRIBUTIONS OF 20TH CENTURY WOMEN TO PHYSICS." CWP