Initiated systematic studies of natural radioactivity.
"Radiations from Compounds of Uranium and of Thorium," Comptes Rendus 126: 1101 (1898).
Conjectured the radiation, which Henri Becquerel called uranic rays, emanated from atoms of uranium,
and deduced from quantitative studies of the radioactivity of samples
of coal and pitchblende that there were other radioactive elements besides uranium. She coined the word radioactive. With Pierre Curie, she discovered radium, polonium,
and other heretofore unknown radioactive elements.
"New Radio-Active Element in Pitchblende," Comptes Rendus 127: 175 (1898) with P. Curie.
[Click here for her personal account of these
"Another New Radio-active Element," Comptes Rendus 127: 1215 (1898) with P. Curie and G. Bémont.
Some Important Honors:
Nobel Prize (physics) with Pierre Curie 1903
for "joint researches on the radiation phenomenon discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel."
Humphrey Davy Medal with Pierre Curie 1903
Nobel Prize (chemistry) 1911
for "discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element."
The discovery of radium and
radioactivity in her own words.
Reference material on Marie Curie, her life and her work, is readily
some books in which one may read about the significance of her
discoveries for physics, and her life, are:
Pasachoff, Naomi Ma
rie Curie and the
Science of Radioactivity , Oxford University
Pais, Abraham Inward bound: of matter and forces in the physical world,
Oxford University Press, New York 1986.
McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch Nobel Prize women in science: their lives,
struggles, and momentous discoveries ,Birch Lane Press, New York 1993.
Quinn, Susan Marie Curie: A life, Simon & Schuster, New York 1995.
Curie, Eve Madame Curie, Doubleday, 1938. Reprint. Da Capo, 1986.
Recommended link: MARIE CURIE AND THE SCIENCE OF RADIOACTIVITY