AN ARCHIVE PRESENTING AND DOCUMENTING SOME IMPORTANT AND
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTIONS MADE BEFORE 1976 BY 20th CENTURY
|Whose faces are shown above?
The graphic show the faces of some physicists spanning three
generations. Click here for their
They are among the 83 women for whom data is archived in this website.
|What can you find in this archive?
Descriptions of important contributions to science made by
83 women in the 20th century. These
are documented by the original papers in which the discoveries were
In addition there are historical essays and other historical
easily available elsewhere.
|Where are 17th, 18th, and 19th century women?
Women in those centuries did not have access to
institutions of higher learning. Their participation in scientific
discovery was not possible. There are some notable exceptions such as
Émilie du Châtelet, Sofia Kovalevskya, and Mary Somerville
but generally women' intellectual development was thwarted. Brief historical account..
|Why only three quarters of the 20th
By the last quarter of
the century there were many more women working as physicist than in
earlier years, too many for this website.
Each woman in this website has been carefully and thoroughly
researched, and the descriptions of
their work vetted by distinguished colleagues who served as Field Editors.
| Why only 83 women?
believe there are more women whose contributions should be recognized
but time and resources did not allow for further additions.
This work would not have been possible without the generous support of
The Alfred P. Sloan
Foundation, the American
Physical Society, the University of California, UCLA Physics and
Astronomy Department, the Laboratories of NIST, Joan Palevsky and other
|How can we browse
By the name of an
individual woman physicist chosen, for example, from the list on the
right or from the Annotated Photo
or from her quotation In Her Own Words or
by using the Search Engine provided.
Follow the clues and click away! If you desire further
we suggest some books and articles on the webpages and have included a
reference database in this website.
| Education and the Profession
| Nuclear Physics
| Particles and Fields