Some Important Contributions:
"Mariner 2 Observations of the Solar Wind, 1. Average Properties,"
(with C. W. Snyder) J. Geophys. Res. 71:4469 (1966)
"Initial Deceleration of Solar Wind Positive Ions in the Earth's Bow Shock,"
J. Geophys. Res. 75:717 (1970)
- First extensive measurements of the solar wind and discovery of many of it
properties. It ha
exposition of the average properties of the plasma that flows
through the solar system at super-magnetosonic speeds.
"Observations of the Internal Structure of the Magnetopause," (with C.T. Russel and E.J. Smith)
J. Geophys. Res. 79:499 (1974)
As the super-magnetosonic solar wind approaches the Earth, it
encounters a shock surface referred to as the bow shock. Neugebauer's paper
shows how ions are decelerated at the bow shock. This
was an important step in understanding the mechanisms that produce the shock
and is important because shocks occur throughout the solar system and
presumably the galaxy and beyond.
"The Role of Coulomb Collisions in Limiting Differential Flow and Temperature Differences in the Solar Wind,"
J. Geophys. Res. 81:78 (1976)
The magnetopause is the
surface that separates the shocked solar wind from the plasma tied to the
the Earth's magnetic field. This paper showed that the
magnetopause is a thick boundary of many ion gyroradii in thickness, and
changed the theory of the structure of the boundary. The same physics
applies for magnetopauses of other planets.
"The Velocity Distributions of Cometary Protons Picked Up by the Solar Wind,"
(with A. J. Lazarus, H. Balsiger, S. A. Fuselier, F. M. Neubauer and
H. Rosenbauer) J. Geophys. Res. 94:5227 (1989)
This work shows that despite the "collisionless" nature of the
solar wind, there is evidence that energy equipartition between H+ and He+
proceeds at a rate that can be understood in terms of the Coulomb collision
frequency for the two species.
"Densities and Abundances of Hot Cometary Ions in the Coma of P/Halley," (with R. Goldstein,
B. E. Goldstein, S. A. Fuselier, H. Balsiger and W.-H. Ip) Astrophys. J.
Measured the velocity distributions of ions in the coma of comet Halley.
Measured the mass spectrum of ions in the outer coma of comet Halley.
NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, 1970
Fellow, American Geophysical Union, 1989
Editor-in-Chief, Reviews of Geophysics, 1989-92
NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal, 1993
President, American Geophysical Union, 1994-1996
NASA Distinguished Service Medal, 1997
Ph.D. (honorary) University of New Hampshire, 1998
Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) Award for Space Sciences, 1998
1956-96 Senior Research Scientist, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
1996- Distinguished Visiting Scientist, JPL
BA with Honors in Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 1954
MS in Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 1956
Sources and References consulted:
As well as being a member of numerous other committees, Neugebauer served as the Chair of The National Research Council Committee on Solar and Space Physics, from 1990-1994, which produced an influential report recommending the major directions for space physics research from 1994-2004. [Ne97]
During her time at JPL, Neugebauer was project/study scientist for cometary, planetary, and solar missions. She was involved in many of the working groups at JPL, either as member, vice-chairman, or co-chairman.
Though she did not receive a Ph.D. by the standard educational track, she was able to proceed to a productive and distinguished career and was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Physics in 1998 by the University of New Hampshire.
She is married to Gary Neugebauer and they have two children.
"Pioneers of Space Physics: A career in the solar wind"